http://tamisiumextractors.com/how-it-works-sideWe use the enthalpy energy of Butane or the thermodynamic properties of butane to power the extraction and recovery process. In other words we put in one energy such as heat and get out another such as cold. The process does this in a way that does not change the temperature of the solvent while extracting allowing us to perform a greater range of various temperatures from sub freezing to hot. We benefit from this in a very ergonomic way due to the carefully tested tank designs that are although more costly up front they allow you to safely silently extract and recovery without the never ending cost of pumps. The video below explains how the tamisium utilizes pressure differentials to manipulate the solvent from one tank to another and to recover the solvent for reuse. If you have any additional questions please do not hesitate to contact us or submit a question to the “ICMAG forum” or use the Q&A section of the website.
The things that set us apart from the rest are as follows.
We place the column of plant material directly on top of the extractor tank where the extract ends up. Doing this allows us to avoid using ball valves and lines to pass the extract through once it has contaminated the solvent. The only time the solvent passes back through a line or valve is when it is distilled and cleaned during recovery. This eliminates the need to clean those lines and valves every time you change plant matter. Because we only have one inlet in the tank and one outlet we can simply close the inlet and stop outflow using a vacuum created by any solvent attempting to flow out of the bottom of the column through the fine mesh filter placed in the bottom. We use this filter as a resistor or ball valve if you will. Using a fine or coarse filter can be used to control how much pressure or vacuum is required to go fast or slow. We use a loading ratio where a known sufficient amount of solvent passes through one time to extract everything from the plant possible based on temperature, time and polarity. Using density, temperature time and polarity to control what we extract out. Liquids we have discovered all need a 3:1 loading ratio but we use a 4:1 loading ratio to ensure you can add other solvents if needed and to ensure you still get a high yield if you go fast and cold. Using tanks that hold an adequate amount of solvent to perform a complete extraction allows you to pass the solvent through the plant matter in one rapid burst so you can go as fast or slow as you want. This liquid pass allows you to imput temp changes and extract with multiple solvents at one time. We use distillation because pumps are mechanical by nature and will fail and when they do you cannot predict what will fail, if a solvent will be ignited or what catastrophe will happen from that failure. By eliminating the pumps and building a higher quality efficient evaporator tank we evaporate fast enough that adding pump would be redundant. It may cost more but never fails and never needs to be repaired or replaced and NEVER will ignite the liquid solvent or vapors. In Test Tamisium extractors have outperformed systems using recovery machines in speed, variety and quality of product produced. Pump systems have been around for decades. We have the prior art on the pump systems and therefore nobody can get one patented. We dropped the designs and evolved into this system. If a safe sanitary pump system could have been built it would have been built a long time ago by much more experienced people than the people pirating machines today. Because we don’t use a machine to vacuum solvent out and pump it into another tank we have more control on the temperature and time that solvent is in contact with the plant material. This allows us to create many extractions by avoiding or targeting specific compounds based on the solvents ability to dissolve more things out with time or melt things with time and temperature or avoid them by decreasing those parameters and restricting the effect of time and temp. Using distillation also allows us to add other solvents in with the butane and separate them during recovery. Using other solvents allows the extractor to dissolve more than just what butane would dissolve alone. This allows you to have a extractor working for you instead of you working for a single solvent. There are two worlds meeting here. The art of running an extractor and the art of extracting. Both need to be fully capable and versatile and both need to be safe and run by a competent person and many solvents. Plants produce many compounds of varying Polarities, Melting Points, Volatility and Viscosities. It would be wasteful and absurd to spend any time or money building or buying a machine that can only do one thing.
Non Polar Separation. Last wash of 7Extracting is not magic. You are dissolving chemicals of various polarities with solvents of like polarities. You are using temperature to melt and make soluble or solidify wanted and unwanted components of the plant. And you allow time for this to occur to more or less of a degree. More time for what is working to work or less time to restrict of prevent something that works from applying it’s effect. Adding heat can speed up the process if you are not concerned with what heat may melt down and make soluble and easily extracted. Too much heat can be a catalyst for reaction. Sometimes desired or undesired results occur. It is nice to be able to apply a control and remove it if needed. The ability to control these adjustments from zero to maximum allows you to get everything out if you want or to restrict the process in multiple ways. This is what makes a extractor more or less valuable and this is what separates the Tamisium Process from all others. In the photo to the right you see the various layers in a separatory funnel created by mixing solvent together with different polarities. The polar layer separates from the non polar layer taking the polar and non polar chemicals with them.
The ability of the extractor to be constrictive in one or all these adjustments is what separates a Tamisium from other extractors. Some always will require pressure or heat for example. To be able to extract with the least impact on the final product is golden. In other words, you want to be able to take out what is in the plant without changing it. Heat and Pressure are violent forces and are catalyst for molecular reaction and when combined with reactive compounds and reactive solvents can even create toxic by products or other unwanted compounds. Butane is non reactive and we do not use enough heat and pressure to cause reactions anyway. It is a dream come true apparatus for those that know and it is your only choice if you want it all. If you know you want High Pressure all the time, Go with CO2 but it will cost more. If you want heat all the time then go with a soxhlet, it will be cheaper but if you want to be able do it all, then you have to buy a Tamisium Extractor.
There are many non polar oils that are extracted from a plant when using the non polar solvent butane. Some are thin and some or thick to solid. And even insoluble products will come out if you melt them into a solution using heat and or use a different like polarity solvent and enough time. Just by the force of pressure and flow speed you can extract less or more. Temperature and time controls how much and what you get out. If you extract them all out you would have a concrete. To get a solid from a mixture of these you would have to evaporate the thinner oils, separate, filter or avoid them during the extraction process by using various extraction techniques using your ability to control time, temp, pressure and solvent polarity. To target a limited number of them you would have an absolute. To target one or two you would have an essential oil or more pure oil. You can do it all, You just have to now what effects the outcome. It will be either solvent combination, time, temp, pressure, quality, density of your packed column or any combination of the 6. The key is to find out what targets what you want while not targeting what you dont want when you are after purity or an absolute or essential oil.
You can get anything out of the plant and in most cases you can control what you get out but the industry standard procedure for isolation is to prepare your extract after it has been extracted. Separating based on weight in a centrifuge machine and by polarity of compounds using a separatory funnel is the most common or you can separate your extract by filtration based on molecular size or exchange such as when Activated Charcoal is used as a filter. But some people just evaporate the products away with little regard to what is being lost. Refining it to look like what you want it to, after you get it out is the ab-normal current process. It is remarkable to be able to do this during the extraction process but with a Tamisium, you can do this in most cases. Because it is easier to restrict the effects of these extraction parameters with this system. And if you want it all it is easy to max them out as well.
I am aware of extraction processes using a Tamisium that have produced a dry even hard paste but I can guarantee you that almost 20-50% of the products in the plant were left behind during the extraction or removed afterwards in some cases. But you can be sure that if you are using a liquid during extracting you are getting a higher yield regardless. It is good to know you can do anything you want and have the highest yield possible in any case.
If you have to add a solvent and you will have to evaporate that solvent away in the end you always have to be concerned with the boiling points of that solvent and the boiling points of the volatile oils you have extracted. So be aware of the fact that for a long time, some oils in plants have never been seen before until butane or CO2 extracted them out and left them behind. Even with steam distillation heat destroys a lot of the oils. The point is to remember when you add another solvent other than butane you may prevent that oil from appearing in your final product. Same goes with filtering. You may filter out large molecules that you dont want by things you do want me be large as well. And so on with polarity separations etc.
In the end you may be able trick the consumer but no reputable company is going to want to deal with you unless you have concrete analysis and a repeatable process. We provide the later but you have to know how to do the rest.