The perfect environment is having the capability to control temperature, humidity and air quality levels. Something that is extremely difficult when Mother Nature may have a different agenda. Most of these situations are out of our control; crazy weather such as mass rain, wildfires, heatwaves, you name it. That’s why sealed room growing is so important to creating consistent results 365 days a year. Here is a list of things to think about when looking to create your “perfect environment”;
Add up the total wattage consumption of your light load, pumps, machinery etc…
Divide the number of watts by 3000 and that will tell you how many TONS of cooling would be required to maintain 76-78F on an 80F outdoor day and have at least R12 insulation or better. This will be based on open bulbs with ballasts in the room, burning CO2.
Ideally you want to have a decent size room but try to navigate away from super tight rooms or extremely large rooms as large temperature swings could become an issue. With small rooms when a system cycles the temperature can swing extremely fast and in say large ceiling areas you’ll be turning over the volume of the room on a much longer timeline every 5-8mins vs. 1-3 mins which can lead to capacity issues.
Airflow management will be very important to consistent and even temperatures throughout your room which is why we recommend some sort of engineered ducting specific to your Indoor Air Handler and space. One solution we provide is a fabric duct which is very slick as it’s engineered to provide even airflow across the entire duct, it’s machine washable, easy to install and permeates 2CFM around the entire duct to stop dirt and debris from collecting on-top the duct and condensation from forming. http://www.excelairsystems.com/fabric-duct
Dehumidification is always a tricky thing as a byproduct of air conditioning is dehumidification which is fantastic but only works during the “ON” cycle when the lights are on but then reeks havoc in the night cycle when temperatures drop and humidity spikes. The tricky part is when you add dehumidifiers to the space they will add a tremendous amount of heat to the environment which eventually leads to the main A/C units turning on battling each other. It’s a necessity and there’s a few things you can do to eliminate the spikes. Try and drive the temperature down the last hour before lights out to remove the massive spike when the room goes dark, some growers have found a “sunset” to help quite a bit where a portion of the lights turn off, then the rest 30 mins later. Make sure to reuse the condensation collected in your reservoir as you will recapture virtually all of the water you feed. We offer a fantastic system that can switch between A/C and Dehumidification on the fly and is designed to run 24hrs per day and is the largest all-in-one dehumidifier on the market. http://www.excelairsystems.com/elite-series
Air quality is one of the fastest areas of interest as regulations have become much more strict and the overall evolution of growing continues to become more advanced. A few different parts of Air Quality Control are; airborne virus such as molds and mildews which can be cleaned by UV Air Purification http://www.excelairsystems.com/uv-air-purifier, odor control and particle scrubbing, especially the harsh organic matter in your room http://www.excelair.ca/products/odor-eliminator/.
Obviously, there are still many other variables to cover within the space as not everyone has unlimited power, unlimited funds and a perfectly sealed room but these general things to consider will help you get a lot closer to creating the “Perfect Environment”.
Excel Air Systems